The great Indian Independence Movement would have never been successful if our fearless freedom fighters who sacrifice their lives to earn. After a long fight for years, India attained freedom and became independent on 15th August 1947 and our first Prime Minister, Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, hoisted the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of Red Fort in Delhi. Since then an annual national tradition is being followed popularly known as Independence Day of India.
“At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom,”
– Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru
After a century of revolt, bloodshed and political negotiations India succeeded in overthrowing the cruel British rule and attaining Indian Independence. Lots of lives were lost, families were destroyed in doing so. Many leaders and freedom fighters came out to educate and prepare people to break the shackles of slavery. Independence Day is the time to remember those and pay tribute to those heroes and freedom fighters who sacrifice their lives for such a Nobel cause.
A few freedom fighters who played a major role in India’s Independence are enlisted below:
Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose was one of the most monumental freedom fighters of India. Being a charismatic influencer and a prolific speaker he was the reason to influence the youth of India towards Indian Independence. He earned the title ‘Netaji’ as is popularly known as that. He is also responsible for establishing and leading the Indian National Army (INA) during India’s struggle for independence. He went to jail 11 times in his fight for Indian Independence and was believed to have been killed under suspicious circumstances in an airplane crash off Taipei, near Taiwan.
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai was a prominent nationalist leader who played a significant role in India’s struggle for Independence. He was a marvelous writer, politician and an outspoken advocate of a militant anti-British nationalism. Popularly known as “Punjab Kesari” or the “Lion of Punjab”. He also became famous as the ‘Lal Bal Pal’ firebrand trio during the independence movement. He was severely injured in police lathi-charge on the activists, who were protesting the arrival of Simon Commission, and died a few days later due to the injuries.
Hailing from Punjab, Bhagat Singh was the youngest freedom fighter of Indian Independence. He died a martyr at the age of just 23 years, on March 23, 1931. Following his execution, his supporters and followers regarded him as a “Shaheed” (martyr). He was a hot head revolutionary since childhood and believed in Swaraj but the incident that provoked him to fight against the British was the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. He targeted bombing the British parliament which resulted in killing John Saunders, a senior British officer. His death ignited the sparks of hatred every single Indian freedom fighters had inside them against the British and these proved to be the flames of Indian Independence later.
Chandrashekhar Azad, another young Indian freedom fighter from Allahabad who actively took part in the Indian fight for independence from the British rule. Azad is considered as a mentor of Bhagat Singh. He was just 15 years old student when he joined the Non-Cooperation Movement. He got arrested several times during the movement. He acted as a revolutionary who is said to bring the Independence day a little closer than expected.
His used to say that, ‘Dushmano Ki Goliyon Ka Saamna Hum Karenge, /Azad Hi Rahe Hain, Aur Azad Hi Rahenge’, which translates into ‘I will face the bullets of the enemies, I have been free before and I’ll forever be free’.
He died while fighting the British in Company Garden Allahabad. When he was left with the last bullet, he kept his word of never getting caught alive by shooting himself in the head.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or simply Mahatma Gandhi was the primary leader of the Indian Independence movement. He is amongst those individuals who changed the world with their serene thinking and pure heart. He is the prime reason as to why India is celebrating Independence Day or in simple words he’s one of the greatest freedom fighters of India.
In the eyes of millions of his fellow Indians, Gandhi earned the title of Mahatma (“Great Soul”).
Mahatma Gandhi was Born in Porbandar Gujrat, India. He went abroad to study law and organized boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. “My ambition is no less than to convert the British people through non-violence and thus make them see the wrong they have done to India,” he said.
Mahatma Gandhi led Satyagraha – the movement against violence, which eventually laid the foundation of Indian Independence. His dedicated his life to the protest opposing the land tax and discrimination against peasants, laborers. He also worked as a social reformer by abolishing untouchability and preaching human equality.
Wearing a homespun white shawl and sandals and carrying a walking stick Gandhi would do all the protest peacefully and it gathered a massive amount of people in his crusade.
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